KPMG has managed the Community Land Initiative (iTC) since its establishment in 2006. iTC focuses on providing financial, technical and planning services to rural communities to secure land and natural resources user rights in stimulating local economic development.
Land is the prime source of livelihood and income for Mozambique’s rural communities. Mozambique’s land and other natural resources have come under great pressure from foreign and domestic private investment in recent years as a result of relatively low population density, good land availability and high potential agricultural productivity. This creates challenges for rural communities and government to use private investments as opportunities for partnership, and sustainable local economic development, and to overcome the risks of conflict that arise when investments are not properly planned.
iTC’s objectives are threefold:
- To safeguard the livelihoods of communities and social groups in the target provinces of Niassa, Nampula and Zambézia by assisting communities to secure land tenure and natural resource user rights, thereby protecting against encroachment and displacement of their rights;
- To operate pro-actively in communities where the potential for conflict between the community and natural resource users/investors is highest, and
- To support and assist local communities and social groups in securing their rights to potentially valuable natural resources that can be used to sustain or tap on local economic opportunities.
- Inclusive Business – The Mozambique Honey Company: The Community Land Initiative supported the establishment of 12 honey producers’ associations in Manica province, linked to a honey trading company established by a private trader who recognised the huge potential of community business partnerships. In addition, the initiative secured the rights to community business premises and key natural resources for honey production, and funded training and capacity building for apiculture activities and business management by association members. The associations then became members of a honey producers’ union, which is a shareholder of the Mozambique Honey Company. This joint venture is an example of how trained community associations can tap into new development opportunities and enable their members to escape poverty.
- Community-Based Ecotourism – Ndzou Camp: The Ndzou camp is an eco-tourism investment partnership between the Mpunga community in the district of Sussundenga, Manica province, and EcoMicaia. iTC has supported the community through a grant that financed the legal establishment of an association, representing the Mpunga community; the delimitation process to establish secure community rights to a conservation area; and the design of a business plan which helped to secure World Bank funds for a community Joint Venture with Eco-Micaia to establish the Ndzou Camp Eco-tourism lodge. The community is entitled to 60% of revenues generated.
- Environmental protection: In Cabo Delgado province, efforts to promote sustainable management of forest resources led to iTC financial support for a carbon sequestration project. The iTC support consisted of delimitation of community land areas, establishment and training of a Natural Resources Management Committee (CGRN), and a participatory forest inventory. As result of the project, the communities engaged will be paid for planting and preserving the forest, to enable greater carbon storage, and securing alternative sources of income for the future.
In the last six years, the programme has grown substantially in both coverage and reach. With 16 agronomists and community outreach officers, the Community Land Fund has funded about 86 projects, supported over 180 communities to secure their land rights in over 25 districts, representing over 284,000 hectares, benefiting over 180,000 people. The fund’s staff has also supported the training of hundreds of community leaders and local CSOs, as well as implemented an ongoing awareness campaign on land rights.