IDAS strives to stay at the cutting edge of development in Africa. We are known for Quality, Innovation and Impact. Our work generates knowledge that we capture in the Development in Practice: Impact Papers series – designed to show best practice and forward thinking based on our extensive experience. The series is based on the experience of IDAS Advisers, and covers general development issues, fragile states, private sector development, governance, organisational and performance experiences and adaptation to climate change. The papers are available for download here.

 Renewable Energy and Climate Change
Making it Happen: Conservation Agriculture in Africa: Conservation agriculture may hold the key to climate resilient food production, but implementation is challenged by complex social and economic factors. KPMG IDAS Africa manages several agribusiness focused development funds across Africa. In this paper, we examine the experiences of grantees engaged in conservation agriculture to see what works on the ground.
  PAYGO: Solar distribution through pay as you go business models in East Africa: Pay-as-you-go technology offers a promising new model to provide access to electricity for off-grid, low-income households. In this paper we examine the various business models providing paygo services in East Africa, their strengths, weaknesses and market prospects.
In Trialling Client-Focused Climate Finance in Ethiopia, we explore the challenging climate finance landscape, a pragmatic solution and lessons from the SCIP Fund’s three key innovations in practice
      In Innovative Business Models for Sustainable Energy Access in Africa: The REACT Experience, we explore the potential of sustainable energy to improve lives and productivity in the vast parts of sub-Saharan Africa that do not have access to electricity.

 Private Sector Development

Industry Snapshots: Aligning Development Impact and Commercial Success:
This case study supports a previously published paper, Impact Investing in Africa: Performance Insights from the KPMG IDAS Africa Portfolio, which drew on performance data from the portfolio to examine commercial performance and development impact across key sectors and countries, and key challenges to growth of high-impact businesses.


  Impact Investing in Africa: Performance Insights from the KPMG IDAS Africa Portfolio: Through management of various funds across Africa, KPMG’s International Development Advisory Services (IDAS) has allocated capital to over 200 businesses working on projects that have a social impact, largely in agribusiness and renewable energy. In this paper, we draw on this experience to highlight practical lessons that may be useful to impact investors.

Challenge funds as private sector development tools: progress and potential:
In recent years, challenge funds have emerged as an innovative way to engage the private sector to promote pro-poor economic growth and community development.


  Financial Deepening and M4P: Lessons from Kenya and Rwanda: Financial inclusion has risen steadily in development circles over the last 10 years to become a key policy objective for donors and governments.
In Shaping the Power of Markets for the Poor, we consider the anticipated impact of one market-shaping, pro-poor initiative set up by KPMG Africa Development Advisory Services, The Africa Enterprise Challenge Fund (AECF).




 Good Governance

In Outcome mapping: a breadth of uses, we explore the benefits of Outcome Mapping, an alternative planning and results evaluation system for complex development interventions, and the ways in which it has been used on the KPMG managed Accountability in Tanzania (AcT) programme.


In Communication and Governance, we look at the role of communication in fostering good governance. Communication enhances people’s ability to comprehend issues and begin to hold their governments accountable.

In The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and Impact: What’s next in Busan?, we explore the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the two evaluations it has undergone thus far, the first of which led to the Accra Agenda for Action (AAA) in 2008 highlighting the roles of parliaments and civil society, and the second which will be discussed at the Fourth High Level Forum in Busan, South Korea (HLF-4) at the end of November, 2011.

  In Capability Reviews as the key to sustainable performance improvement in the Public Service, we show why Capability Reviews are a pillar of successful public sector reform because of their requirement for Ministries, Departments and independent Agencies (MDAs) to systematically self-assess the constraints they face in delivering quality services.
In Civil society and accountability – should donors try to influence civil society efforts to strengthen accountability?, we present some constructive criticism of the concept of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) as agents of domestic accountability, drawing on our experience implementing the Accountability programme in Tanzania (AcT).
 Fragile States

In Risky Business: Promoting Private Sector Development in Post-Conflict States, we explore the concept of private sector development in fragile and post-conflict environments, drawing on our experience implementing the post-conflict windows of the African Enterprise Challenge Fund (


  Counter-Piracy Options in the Gulf of Aden is a brief summary of 18 months of academic research carried out in Somalia and the United Kingdom into the dynamics and economic infrastructure that supports, and benefits from, piracy in the Gulf of Aden.

In Accountability in fragile states, we examine two countries classified as fragile: Nepal, which has only recently come out of conflict and Uganda, which exhibits fragility albeit subtle.





In Divergent systems development in post conflict countries, we summarise some of the typical development challenges faced by a country in a post conflict situation and argue that the “rush” towards development can create problems.


Managing Risk in Global Health: Mapping The Way Forward: Researchers estimate that development assistance for health peaked at USD28.2bn in 2010 – an enormous increase from USD5.7bn in 1990 (Financing Global Health 2012, McCoy et al 2009).    


If you have comments or suggestions on any of the DAS papers, please email Shenaz Sidi (

KPMG Africa IDAS updates the Development in Practice Series of papers on an ongoing basis, so please check this page regularly to stay up to date.