On the one hand, the significant gap between ‘required’ and ‘actual’ healthcare infrastructure has driven significant investment into assets like hospitals and other facilities over the years. In turn, the growing availability and affordability of healthcare is spurring demand for other services like diagnostics, pharmacies, equipment etc. The growth story of the healthcare industry is also contributed by many non healthcare corporates and private equity firms infusing the much needed resources (capital and non capital) . Due to the lower cost of procedures, India has become an attractive destination for medical tourism, and a base for clinical trials. The challenges that India Healthcare Inc faces on its way up are optimal utilization of resources, minimizing operational costs, maximizing performance and efficiency, scaling of business, rapidly evolving technology and globalisation of healthcare delivery quality and standards.