Fragile States and Conflict Affected States 

Development does not work through a one-size-fits-all approach, and this is especially true in fragile and conflict affected states. Their inherent instability and dynamism demands approaches that are rooted deeply in contextual experience, and which appreciate the importance of long-term, consistent support that builds on local knowledge and understanding of the drivers of conflict to achieve transformation and stability.


Our Work


KPMG IDAS in fragile states

KPMG brings a track record of excellence working in fragile states. We have worked in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan and Zimbabwe as these countries emerged from conflict and undertook the difficult process of state building and post-conflict reconstruction. In many cases, KPMG maintained its in-country offices throughout the conflicts, establishing considerable credibility, access and local knowledge that have enabled us to help governments make rapid progress on their plans for transformation.

In fragile states, IDAS deploys the firm’s diverse service offerings, tailoring them to meet unique local challenges. Some key services we provide include:

  • Design and management of social accountability programmes;
  • Financial management of grants programmes and multi donor trust funds;
  • Public financial management reform;
  • Institutional and organisation development;
  • Private sector development;
  • Anti-corruption training and investigations;
  • Fiduciary risk assessments and capacity development; and
  • Audit and risk management.


Working in Fragile States – The Do no Harm Approach

KPMG has developed guiding principles that ensure our continued success working in fragile states. These include a thorough context analysis, using a best-fit strategy, inclusiveness, alignment, fostering local ownership and most importantly Do no Harm.


Do no Harm establishes the principles of minimising the negative effects of specific interventions. It aims to reduce the possibility of a programme unintentionally strengthening existing patterns of discrimination and exclusion based on ethnicity, religion, geographic region, and social class, among other factors. We use this framework to identify where and how resources are used and how this will impact power structures.

Leading the Way

KPMG is consistently operating in new and higher risk areas, and in 2011 opened a permanent office in Hargeisa, Somaliland. This acts as a central coordinating office for our programmes in Somalia and across the greater Horn of Africa region, putting us a step ahead in our understanding and operational knowledge of the region.

Our team

Allan Duncan

Associate Director

Allan has a proven track record of implementing high profile complex multi-million dollar programs in fragile states. He has managed large multi-disciplinary and multi-agency teams for delivery of projects and has also facilitated government institutions to identify and prioritise a broad range of projects and programmes that meet donor expectations of quality of design as well as ensure ownership and understanding within the government staff. His key areas of experience include project management, institutional strengthening and capacity building.


Allan holds a Bachelor of Arts (Hons) in Economics from the University of East Anglia, UK, a Masters in Public Policy and Management from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.




“In the AECF, we have found a partner whose value transcends funding. The improved rigour of our business planning, monitoring and evaluation processes, the strategic insights we’ve gained from AECF’s experience in other countries, and new business development opportunities from introductions to other beneficiaries – these have all contributed significantly towards helping us achieve the impact we believe Splash is capable of in Sierra Leone and beyond.”

- Daniel Osei-Antwi, Managing Director, Splash Mobile Money, Sierra Leone