• Service: Advisory
  • Type: KPMG information
  • Date: 4/12/2013

Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) Transparency Gap Analysis 2012 

Three studies that analyse legally-binding transparency commitments between the European Union and Cameroon, Ghana and Liberia. The studies form a basis for monitoring a key aspect of these ground-breaking forest governance agreements in future years.

The Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) between the European Union (EU) and timber‐exporting countries present an important opportunity to improve transparency as part of the Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) process, but it remains to be seen how effectively they are implemented.