Around the world, serious challenges persist to women’s full and equal participation in political systems. Even when women do reach leadership positions, they often have to imitate male models of leadership to be ‘successful’. Other challenges include negative stereotypes about women’s leadership roles. Globally, this is backed up by a lack of commitment and support for female candidates by political parties, inadequate funding and training for female representatives and government officials, and high levels of violence and intimidation against women in public office. Empowering women as economic, political, and social actors can change policies and make institutions more representative of a range of voices.