One of the fundamental problems in budget monitoring is the lack of effective analysis of the budget drawing a clear linkage between the budget figures and socio-economic problems facing the country. This process requires not just a re-statement of the budget but technically unpacking the budget figures to give clear indication of what they effectively translate to for the ordinary Kenyan citizen. This is the fundamental weakness that budget analysis in Kenya faces. Without adequate expertise and organizational commitment to undertake the analysis, budgets will remain far withdrawn from ordinary citizens. More importantly, without linking the budget figures to the livelihoods of citizens no meaningful participation of citizens in the budget making process can be expected. This means, the current provisions for citizens’ participation in the MTEF process will generally remain ineffective.