• Service: Advisory
  • Type: KPMG information
  • Date: 1/23/2014

Millions of children receive national identity cards 

Access/coverage of ID cards among children (0 to 18 years) increased from 40.8% to 93.2% in the project regions (In 2009, 2,102,013 children under 18 years of age had ID cards, in 2012 4,684,483; that is 2,582,470 new children under 18 years of age have ID)
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Context and Theory of Change


Key elements of context


  • In Peru, the lack of identity documentation restricts access to basic public services. Without proper identification, individuals, particularly women and children, are effectively nonexistent to the State, which perpetuates poverty, vulnerability, and social exclusion. In turn, a State cannot equitably and adequately provide public services throughout the country without an accurate picture of its population.
  • Currently, the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status (RENIEC) is responsible for public registration services. While RENIEC has offices in 14 regions of Peru, its services are often unable to effectively reach the local level, including vulnerable populations in rural areas especially in dispersed jungle areas. Although RENIEC is working to improve the identification process, its operational capacity is hindered by the limited capacity of the civil registries at the municipal level, which are not always trained to do their job properly.
  • The Project was designed to work in the poorest districts of the 14 most vulnerable regions of Peru, those with the greatest deficiencies. They are the same regions as covered by the Cash Transfer Program (JUNTOS).
  • This topic has not been on the public agenda, especially in rural areas, which could pose a risk for successful implementation of the project. Additionally, in the past, RENIEC has not had to consider its responsibility to modify services according to the needs of dispersed rural populations or to migrant populations.