Key elements of context
- Communities had been receiving training and capacity building through the DFID programme
- Communities had also worked on NSP activities in the past
- Very limited livelihood opportunities for the most vulnerable in communities.
- Poorest community members often forced to borrow money in emergency cases such as sickness.
Theory of change
The theory of change involved was that following the long term sensitisation and mobilisation of communities that they would be able to manage a village level ‘Sanduk’ in a transparent and just manner that would benefit the most vulnerable community members.
In Afghanistan this was based on past experiences of implementing NSP programmes and seeing that there was a growing understanding in communities of how community level projects could be implemented and also a basic understanding of taking the needs of all community members into account for planning. Furthermore, under NSP community councils gained experience with transparently managing funds under that programme. In addition the sanduk is related to the Islamic practice of Zakat, the giving of money to the poor.