In spite of the major strides in economic growth Peru has experienced in recent years, a lack of binding public policies to prevent unwanted teenage pregnancy have failed to stem an increase in teen pregnancy. While a Maternal and Neonatal Health Program is in place, it considered the entire childbearing‐age population for sexual and reproductive health services provision without disaggregating adolescents as a beneficiary group. As a consequence, it did not have a budget for teenage pregnancy prevention. Additionally, in 2006 the Law No. 28704 was enacted, which amended article 173 of the Peruvian Criminal Code2. The new law added a third section whose effect was to punish equally all types of sexual relations with and between adolescents aged 14 to 18, without taking consent into account. As a consequence, adolescents cannot legally acquire family planning methods or receive information and consultations from public institutions.
As a result, the situation of Peruvian adolescents' sexual and reproductive rights regarding access to sexual and reproductive health services, teenage pregnancy, and maternal mortality is critical. According to the Demographic and Family Health Survey (ENDES) from 2012, pregnancies among adolescents aged 15 to 19 have increased nationwide from 12.5% in 2011 to 13.2% in 2012 and maternal mortality in adolescents has risen from 4.6% in 2010 to 9.6% in 20123. Moreover, teenage pregnancy is higher in rural areas where 15% of the adolescents are already mothers and 3.8% are pregnant for the first time. The lack of a direct public budget allocation to teenage pregnancy prevention and persistent legal barriers to adolescents' access to sexual and reproductive health services are not helping change this situation.