In 2012, Bolivian youth (aged 15 to 29) represented 29% of the total population. This population group suffers exclusion, lack of opportunities, and the reproduction of poverty to a high degree. Young people remain outside the job market, have been marginalized from political participation and recreation, and lack the resources to express themselves. Fewer and fewer among them have access to educational and health services and programs. The outcome of this situation is evident: 65% of young women have had at least one pregnancy, and approximately 3 of 5 of these pregnancies are unwanted.
A New Constitution was enacted in 2008 whose legitimacy was questioned at the regional and national levels. Priority laws were drafted and passed, and a process was set in motion to consolidate the departmental autonomy established in this constitution. At the same time, the ruling party started wielding a hegemonic power that materialized in the takeover and control of strategic institutions such as departmental and municipal governments. The political climate has become increasingly polarized, with two consequences. First, the government neglects social needs that it does not consider a priority, and second, social participation is scarce, especially among young people, since the administration strongly favors the involvement of indigenous and peasant organizations and has discredited all other NGOs.