• Service: Advisory
  • Type: KPMG information
  • Date: 12/18/2013

Child domestic workers protected by new bylaw in Bugogwa district  

In Bugogwa District, Mwanza, Tanzania Child Domestic Workers (CDWs) in the ward are better protected through the adoption of a bylaw to protect CDWs. Approximately 70% of the 7108 households in the ward contain a child domestic worker. The bylaw means that employers must report to local street leaders to register the child within three days of employing them, providing information on their age and where they come from, and provide the child with a written contract.
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Key elements of context


  • The passing of the 2009 Child Act at the national level
  • The high level of influence of local governance structures in the implementation of legislation, in particular the street leaders
  • The very low level of awareness of the rights of child domestic workers among all relevant stakeholders
  • The absence of specific legislation protecting child domestic workers
  • Mapping the key stakeholders that have an impact on the lives of CDWs within the community had not taken place before the project
  • Abuse of CDWs was very high


Theory of Change


The original Theory of Change for this strand of work was based on the fact that though the 2009 Child Act in Tanzania provided a strong framework to protect children, including child domestic workers; in reality it was not being implemented. Local governance structures in Tanzania have a high level of influence over communities with implementation of most national laws, including the Child Act, being the responsibility of locally elected leaders; street leaders. The national government lacked funds and resources to train street leaders on their responsibilities in relation to the Act meaning that awareness of those responsibilities was low. Awareness of child domestic workers rights was particularly low, among street leaders and other key stakeholders including the police, teachers, employers and the community as a whole, meaning that abuse was common.