• Service: Advisory
  • Type: KPMG information
  • Date: 12/18/2013

Capacity building of federations strengthens voice of urban poor  

In the Philippines, local urban poor federations in the 4 pilot cities are able to develop city‐level advocacy agenda, engage the local government, and get their city government to address at least 1 of their advocacy agenda items. This result likewise builds on the organising, strengthening and capacity‐building of urban poor federations, and their engagement with their city government through dialogues with city officials, representation in the local housing boards, and participation in local development planning processes.
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Key elements of context


  • Before the project, urban poor groups had difficulty in engaging government, both in the local and national levels, for many reasons, such as:
    • Weak organisations
    • Disunity within the sector and factionalism among the urban poor groups/ leaders
    • Unclear advocacy agenda
    • Weak capacity for issue analysis and advocacy
  • Even before the project, PHILSSA was working with urban groups, through its member-NGOs and other partners, and had facilitated the formation of the Urban Poor Alliance (UP-ALL) as a national aggrupation of urban poor organisations.


Theory of change


Our theory of change recognised the need to empower the urban poor sector for them to meaningfully engage government and participate in effective partnerships to address their issues and needs.

We believe that meaningful changes in policies and programmes for housing and community services, especially for the poor, will only happen with demand and pressure on the duty‐bearers from the citizens, especially organised groups.