- Service: Advisory
- Type: KPMG information
- Date: 12/19/2013
In the Philippines, additional funding amounting to 1.26 Billion Philippines Peso (approximately £20 million) was set in the 2012 People’s Budget of President Aquino for social housing. This was directly attributed by the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) to the Budget Partnership between the National Housing Authority (NHA) and PHILSSA. The budget partnership was facilitated by PHILSSA’s budget monitoring researches, networking and dialogue with government agencies (especially the DBM and NHA), and by participation in the regional and national consultations for NHA project identification and budget preparation.
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Key elements of context
- Since 2009, PHILSSA, through its GTF Project, had facilitated the organisation and strengthening of city-level urban poor federations.
- These federations plan social housing projects for security of tenure among the informal settler families.
- Since 2009 PHILSSA had also started capacity building among interested member-NGOs on national budget monitoring and advocacy focusing on social housing. PHILSSA also supported budget research on two national shelter agencies, the National Housing Authority (NHA) and the Social Housing Finance Corporation (SHFC).
- The budget research showed that allocation for social housing in recent years amounted to about PhP. 7 billion (approximately £ 111 million) or less than 0.5% of the national budget.
- With the lowest-priced social housing units set at PhP 225,000 the PhP 7 billion government allocation amounted to around 31,111 units annually, which barely impacts the total housing need (in the face of rapid urbanisation especially in Manila).
- Research, especially that on NHA, also showed that there were problems in the selection of social housing project sites and in the quality of the housing units and site development work.
- There was a need to advocate for increased budget for social housing, as well as to monitor the implementation of the social housing projects.
- In May 2010, the election of President Aquino on an anti-corruption platform and the appointment of Butch Abad as Secretary of the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) provided opportunities for greater civil society engagement on budget monitoring and advocacy.