• Service: Advisory
  • Type: KPMG information
  • Date: 1/23/2014

Nine national action plans and 167 local action plans to end gender violence developed 

Across Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries, nine national action plans (NAPs) and 167 local action plans to end gender violence have been developed; publicised; tested; given a human face; implemented and tracked due to this particular programme. This has led to six countries in the SADC region piloting a ground‐breaking study designed by Gender Links (GL) for measuring the extent, effect, support and prevention of Gender Based Violence (GBV). The studies have resulted in the President of Botswana and Prime Minister of Mauritius instructing their cabinets to mount high profile, concerted campaigns for ending GBV in line with the SADC Gender Protocol target of halving GBV by 2015.
Download Now
PDF files require Adobe Reader to view

Context and theory of change

Gender violence remains one of the most telling indicators of gender inequality. Despite the several constitutional and legislative advances to gender equality in the SADC region, levels of gender violence remain exceptionally high in all countries.


The ecological model is a theoretical framework that explains why some of the violence occurs, why some men are more violent than others and why some women are consistently the survivors of abuse. Understanding the reasons for and the factors associated with experience or perpetration of gender violence is a precursor in the design of gender violence prevention interventions. This model considers the complex interplay between individual, relationship, community, and societal factors. This model shows how violence is rooted in women’s lack of self-worth and self-esteem at the individual level; compounded by attitudes, traditions and customs at the close relationship and community level; and unresponsive systems and structures at the societal level. While the model identifies the arenas and the factors that put people at risk for experiencing or perpetrating violence it also locates prevention strategies in a continuum of activities that address multiple levels of the model.