The civil war in Liberia led to the destruction of physical and social infrastructure. Government and donors are investing to restore this infrastructure and to provide services where they did not exist. Prior to the start of the project, communities in marginalised border districts lacked the necessary tools, skills and confidence to effectively demand accountability from district and national authorities in the implementation of development policies.
The lack of accountable governance contributed to increased tensions in communities, particularly between local authorities and youth, who occasionally expressed their grievances through violent protests and the destruction of property. The voices of women and youth were not accommodated in decisionmaking processes. Some local leaders carried out corrupt practices with few checks and balances on their power and continued to exclude members of their communities. On a daily basis, people were confronted with practical difficulties in accessing health care and education, travelling on poorly maintained roads, poor communication and housing, and a lack of trade and job opportunities. Deep‐rooted drivers of tensions that had existed before the civil war continued to influence local political and social conflict dynamics.