Individuals or businesses can start private prosecutions, rather than the police or Crown Prosecution Service (CPS).
Private prosecutions can result in criminal convictions and recover losses under criminal law, which may not be possible otherwise.
They can effectively deter counterfeiting, fraud (internal or external) and protect commercial rights, while still offering the power of the courts. They can run alongside civil action, with a criminal conviction being persuasive evidence in civil proceedings.
Private prosecutions require a thorough investigation, but losses are recoverable. Evidence must be appropriately collated and prepared for submission for court.
The outcome is not dependent on a person’s assets, and the court should compensate expenses using central funds, whatever the result.