The UK tech sector shifted up another gear during the fourth quarter of 2013, with strong inflows of new work driving the steepest expansion of business activity for almost a decade, according to the latest KPMG/Markit Tech Monitor UK report. As a result, the UK tech sector ended the year on a much firmer growth footing than it started, with a cyclical upswing first emerging in the spring of 2013 and picking up sharply since the autumn.
In December, the index measuring UK tech sector business activity posted above the crucial 50.0 no-change threshold for the sixteenth successive month - at a healthy 61.0 - which highlighted a continued strong rebound in tech growth since the soft patch reported through the summer of 2012. Indeed, tech output growth has now accelerated to its fastest since that reported in February 2004.
Other key findings for Q4 2013* are:
- UK tech companies report fastest improvement in profitability for six years
- Solid rate of tech sector job creation maintained at the end of 2013
- Almost 44% of UK tech firms plan to hire more staff over year ahead, while 7% expect a fall.
- Around twice as many UK tech firms (27%) intend to increase their capex in next 12 months as those that anticipate a reduction (13%).
- East of England special feature: East of England ranks third out of eleven GB regions for concentration of tech jobs; ‘Silicon Fen’ area of Cambridge and South Cambridgeshire is a major hub within this region
Commenting on the latest Tech Monitor UK results, Tudor Aw, Head of Technology at KPMG, said: “These figures prove once more that the UK tech sector is going from strength to strength. The last quarter of 2013 saw the sector’s best growth performance in almost a decade, with a sharp increase in business activity, a rise in new orders and an increase in profitability despite higher costs. More importantly the sector showed again solid rates of job creation, well above the rates in other sectors of the economy.
“UK tech companies are also more confident about the business outlook than firms in other industry sectors, with growth expectations at tech companies well above UK private sector average, underlining the impact the sector has on the country’s economic performance and the important role tech companies play in the burgeoning recovery.
“Our report also shows that contrary to the popular belief that the UK lags behind the US tech sector, as trends in UK tech business activity closely match the performance of the Nasdaq. These results show that we can be very proud of our tech companies and the strength of the sector in the UK.”
Looking at job creation patterns over the course of the past few years, our survey data highlights that tech companies have been on a sustained staff hiring spree since the global economy started to emerge from recession in late 2009.
In December, the index measuring UK tech sector employment was comfortably above the neutral 50.0 value - at 53.9 - despite slipping to its lowest reading since August. The latest figure extends the current period of continuous jobs growth in the tech sector to just over four years. Meanwhile, the index measuring UK tech sector profitability rose to 55.3 in December, indicating the fastest pace of growth for six years (when the index hit 56.2 in December 2007).
The latest Markit Global Business Outlook Survey, which was conducted in October 2013, showed that 43.9% of UK tech companies plan to raise their staffing levels over the next 12 months, while only 7.0% forecast a drop. The resulting net balance of +36.8% is a reading unsurpassed in the four-year series history.
Strong hiring intentions for tech are accompanied by plans for increased investment spending. Around twice as many firms (27%) forecast a rise in capex as those that anticipate a decline (13%).
Tim Moore, Senior Economist at Markit, added: “Improving economic conditions across developed markets and rising domestic business sentiment have helped propel the UK tech sector to its fastest growth performance for almost a decade.
“Most encouragingly, our figures suggest that the tech sector has provided a positive contribution to recent falls in UK unemployment, as tech companies reported taking on extra staff at a solid clip during the final quarter of 2013.
“Looking ahead, the sector seems well positioned to benefit from any increase in corporate spending patterns over the course of 2014. With survey respondents buoyed by strengthening business conditions so far this winter, a substantial proportion of tech companies now report plans to raise their own capex and staffing levels later this year.
“Overall, our figures highlight that the tech sector has established itself as a key growth engine within the UK economy over the past five years, meaning tech companies will surely play an important role in both boosting UK GDP and bringing down unemployment during the months ahead.”
Note to editors:
Tech Monitor UK is a new quarterly report by KPMG, featuring unique survey data from a panel of tech sector executives within Markit’s widely-watched UK Purchasing Managers’ Index® (PMI®) surveys, providing a reliable and up-to-date assessment of tech sector growth.
UK Tech Sector Purchasing Managers’ Index® (PMI®) survey data
UK tech sector PMI data is derived from a representative sub-category of approximately 150 tech companies within Markit’s regular PMI® surveys of UK manufacturers and service providers. Tech is defined in this report as technology software, technology services and manufacturing of technology equipment. All figures are seasonally adjusted and smoothed using a three-month moving average, to better highlight underlying trends in the data.
UK Tech Sector Business Outlook Survey data
Business activity expectations data are drawn from the monthly PMI® surveys question on companies’ expectations for their activity/output over the next 12 months. Prior to July 2012, only service sector companies were asked this question.
Employment expectations data are based on responses from UK services and manufacturing firms participating in Markit’s tri-annual Global Business Outlook survey, which is based on the same panel of companies as the PMI ® surveys.
ONS Location Quotients
Location quotients for industry jobs within UK local authorities are published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS), based on their Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES). The latest available figures were compiled in 2011. While the ‘technology sector’ can be said to span a number of Standard Industrial Code (SIC) groupings, we use a weighted combination of the following five categories to provide an accurate bellwether of tech job footprints within UK local authorities.
‘Technology Sector’ industry groups:
- Software publishing (SIC 582)Computer programming, consultancy and related activities (SIC 620)
- Data processing, hosting and related activities; web portals (SIC 631)
- Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products (SIC 26)
- Manufacture of electrical equipment (SIC 27)
For more methodology details, see the October 2013 Tech Monitor UK report
For further information please contact:
Katrin Boettger, KPMG Press Office
Tel: +44 (0) 207 694 8773
Mobile: +44 (0)7824 475 168
Senior Economist, Markit
01491 461067 Direct dial
01491 461010 Direct dial
KPMG LLP, a UK limited liability partnership, is a subsidiary of KPMG Europe LLP and operates from 22 offices across the UK with approximately 11,500 partners and staff. The UK firm recorded a turnover of £1.8 billion in the year ended September 2013. KPMG is a global network of professional firms providing Audit, Tax, and Advisory services. It operates in 155 countries and has 155,000 professionals working in member firms around the world. The independent member firms of the KPMG network are affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative ("KPMG International"), a Swiss entity. Each KPMG firm is a legally distinct and separate entity and describes itself as such.
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