Anyone who has researched M&A success rate knows that more than 70 percent of all mergers and acquisitions fail to produce any benefit for the shareholders, and over half actually destroy value2. Majority of the companies report that their M&A deal failures may be attributed to “people and organization issues” such as lack of shared vision, leadership clash, cultural mismatch, loss of key talent, misaligned structures, lack of management commitment, lack of employee motivation, poor communication and poor change management. However, when it comes to due diligence most activities relate to the tangible assets such as financial structures, IT systems, even intellectual property, leaving out the intangible assets such as organizational capital, relational capital, cultural fitment and human resources. Thus the critical issue here is to have a comprehensive yet tailored approach to Post-Merger People Integration. The thought leadership explores key risks associated with the effect post merge people integrated and suggests corresponding risk mitigation plans.