As major urban areas strain to adequately support rapidly growing populations, the global need for infrastructure is at an all-time high, pressuring the engineering and construction industry to gear up and put their efficiency and risk management processes to the test, according to KPMG International’s Global Construction Survey 2012.
The Great Global Infrastructure Opportunity surveyed 161 engineering and construction companies around the world with revenues ranging from US$250 million to more than US$5 billion.
“As the world urbanises, pressure to deliver infrastructure has intensified and this creates opportunities for some Irish construction companies. However, with increased scale comes complexity, and existing and aspiring global players face a tough political, commercial, regulatory and governance environment testing their management ability to the maximum,” said Jim Clery, Dublin-based partner with KPMG’s Property and Construction group.
The energy sector offers the greatest European opportunity for revenue in the next 12 months with 39 percent citing this as the area of greatest opportunity followed by rail (30 percent) and roads (27 percent) ahead of residential at 25 percent.
Nearly 60 percent of respondents from the Americas believe the energy sector will have the biggest impact on revenues, followed by retail projects. Respondents from Asia Pacific and Europe also see energy as their biggest revenue producers. In Asia, respondents see the second biggest revenue opportunity in the residential sector – highlighting the varying impact of recession on different regions.
“The demand for firms and individuals with sector-specific engineering and construction skills will rise as projects proliferate around the globe,” said Jim Clery. “This provides opportunities for ambitious Irish companies capable of using their skills and expertise in other markets.”
While 49 percent of respondents expect their backlogs will grow from 5 percent to over 15 percent in the next year, 71 percent of respondents cite economic uncertainty as their biggest ongoing concern followed by a skills shortage (31 percent) and thirdly, government deficits (30 percent). Sixty-two percent said that they expect margins on current bids to remain unchanged from their current backlog.
Fifty-seven percent said their revenues in 2011 increased from 2010, with the Asia Pacific region seeing the greatest growth (72 percent) followed by EMEA (53 percent) and then the Americas (41 percent).
To mitigate risk, manage project complexity and effectively meet the anticipated increase in demand, companies are seeking solutions to address efficiencies in their procurement / supply chain. Nearly 60 percent of respondents say improvement in this area will improve profits and enhance cash flows. Almost 40 percent of respondents say the primary cause of inefficiencies in their supply chains were disparate processes and systems.
Cost cutting still remains a challenge for companies as well, with organizational culture seen to be culprit for implementing the cuts for 61 percent of respondents globally, and 78 percent in the Americas. And a surprising 17 percent of respondents globally said that cost reduction was not a priority at all.
Survey respondents acknowledge that IT optimisation is critical to improving efficiencies, yet 50 percent say that overhauling IT systems takes too long and costs dearly. Others (30 percent) say that there are not enough available ERP packages available that are tailored to the construction sector.
“Building scale is a huge challenge, and IT investment doesn’t come cheap,” says Clery. “Nevertheless those brave enough to fund major IT enhancements are now reaping the rewards of great centralisation and transparency across their supply chains.”
With projects anticipated to become more complex, maintaining margins and mitigating risk are major concerns for most respondents. Globally, 45 percent of respondents say that quantifying risks is the chief concern; in the Americas, 52 percent of respondents say that identifying risk is the main focus and nearly 50 percent said they want to understand the link between strategy and risk.
“Despite considerable investment, risk management still comes up a bit short,” notes Clery . “Our survey revealed that nearly 54 percent of respondents said they failed to identify upfront issues that later caused margin erosion, and only 36 percent believe that their project review processes are very efficient.”
What respondents say may be the primary barriers to public-private partnerships in infrastructure investment is a perceived lack of policies, leadership and investment by the public sector as well as a lack of initiative in the private sector.
Less than half (47 percent) of respondents believe government policies will have a positive impact on investment, which is roughly equal across all three regions, with Asia Pacific being the most positive (49 percent) followed by EMEA (47 percent) and the Americas (41 percent).
Moreover, respondents showed concern about the public sector’s ability to drive infrastructure investment, with 80 percent of respondents globally saying that lack of leadership will hamper investment.
And while respondents globally anticipate that energy (34 percent) followed by transportation (33 percent) will likely attract the most private sector investment for their companies, two-thirds see a lack of private sector initiative as another barrier to investment.
“With austerity policies in many countries including Ireland constraining the scope for public sector spending, it is vital to create an environment that encourages private sector investment,” Mr. Clery said.
Commenting further on infrastructure investment, Nick Chism, KPMG Global Head of Infrastructure said: “As governments around the world seek to create 21st century infrastructure, they need to create an environment that encourages private sector investment. This means addressing regulatory and legislative barriers and showing the kind of long-term will that transcends immediate political popularity.”
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