Investments and other subsidies
Support is available for renewable energy sources including biofuels, solar, wind, hydro and geothermal, among others.
At the local tax level:
- Anticipated value added tax (VAT) refunds for the new depreciable property (except for automobiles) included in the project.
- Accelerated income tax depreciation (filing two claims for the same project are not allowed).
The property used for the project will not be part of the minimum presumed income tax taxable base. In addition, biofuel producers will not be subject to the hydric infrastructure tax, the tax on liquid fuels and the gas oil tax for the amount of fuel that is marketed in the national territory.
At the provincial level:
- real estate tax exemption
- stamp tax exemption
- turnover tax exemption/deferral
- tax stability.
The type of benefit depends on the geographic area in which the renewable energy plant operates, so the plant’s specific location must be supplied for a proper tax classification.
Subsidies at the national level:
- Wind: 0.015 Argentine peso (ARS)/kWh
- Solar: 0.9 ARS/kWh
- Hydro for less than 30 MW installed capacity: 0.015 ARS/kWh
- Other: 0.015 ARS/kWh. Several provinces have different incentive feed-in tariffs according to the kind of energy they want to promote.
The aim is to reach a contribution of sources of renewable energy equal to eight percent of the total national consumption of electric energy within a term of 10 years, starting in 2006, the effective date of the regime. Quota obligations also include the use of fossil fuel mixed with at least five percent of biofuels, including biodiesel and bioethanol.
The following authorizations are required for the construction of renewable energy plants:
- authorization to use the land
- environmental impact study
- approval by the Energy Secretariat
- bidding offer submitted through the Program of Electric Generation through Renewable Energies (Programa Generación Renovable or GENREN).
In March 2014, a bill to make the application of Law 26190 more flexible and to achieve an 8 percent share in the satisfaction of the national demand of electric energy within a 10-year term (expiring in 2016) has been brought before the Argentine Senate. In addition, such bill sets a new goal for 2025, which consists in increasing the aforementioned share to 20 percent.
Apart from the benefits provided for in prior regulations, the current bill offers a novelty by including the collection of a tax bonus to be allocated to the payment of national taxes.