The Irish tax year is a calendar year. Income tax rates are 20 percent and 41 percent for the 2012 tax year. Individuals may be liable to PRSI, which is charged at 4 percent. Individuals may also be liable to a separate Universal Social Charge which is charged on a progressive basis of 2 percent to 10 percent of total income. Individuals are liable to capital gains tax on chargeable gains arising on the disposal of assets.
For 2012, most capital gains, in excess of EUR1,270, are taxed at 30 percent. An individual who is resident and domiciled in Ireland during a tax year is liable to tax on worldwide income and capital gains. An individual who is resident but not domiciled in Ireland during a tax year is liable to tax on any income or capital gains arising from sources within Ireland together with any foreign income or gains remitted into Ireland during the tax year (see Expatriate Concessions).
An individual who is not resident or ordinarily resident in Ireland during a tax year is liable to income tax on any income arising from Irish sources and on capital gains arising from the sale of Irish specified assets. Relief may be available to exclude or reduce income or capital gains from Irish taxation under a double tax agreement. Ireland has entered into tax treaties with a significant number of countries.
The official currency of Ireland is the Euro (EUR).
Herein, the host country refers to the country where the expatriate is going on assignment. The home country refers to the country where the expatriate lives when he/she is not on assignment.