Global Connectivity Project Profiles


Global connectivity encapsulates transport infrastructure that allows cities to link and interact with each other through road, rail, sea and air travel. More and more, these projects have a major economic as well as social impact on the cities and regions in which they’re based. Below you will find a list of the 10 most innovative global connectivity projects as chosen by an independent panel of industry professionals for the Infrastructure 100: World Cities Edition.



Feature Project: Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor


A project due to make a major impact on a country is the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor in India. The US$90 billion project will stretch across seven states and link the nation’s capital, Delhi, with the financial capital, Mumbai. The sheer scale and far-reaching impact of the project impressed the judges with plans including a high-speed rail line for freight, a six-lane expressway and a 4,000 megawatt power station. The ambition – which mirrors proven Chinese development models – is to develop centers of industrial production along the length of the corridor. The project plan includes nine industrial zones and 24 new cities. Although there is limited information about how the corridor will be fully funded, judges viewed it as a unique and ambitious project working towards the twin goals of fostering economic development and generating new centers for urban life.




Ethiopia Djibouti Railway


The Ethiopia Djibouti Railway is part of Ethiopia’s ambitious plans to develop national railway infrastructure and is notable for its sheer scale and for the significant positive impact that it could have on economic growth in the Horn of Africa. The 656 kilometer line will connect Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital, with the tiny Red Sea state of Djibouti. The US$1.2 billion project would have huge economic significance for landlocked Ethiopia as Djibouti represents the country’s only seaport access and would considerably reduce goods transportation costs.




California High-Speed Rail


California High-Speed Rail in the United States will reconnect major city centers with point-to-point travel that aims to reduce congestion on roads and at airports. Despite difficult public finances, California is hoping to move ahead with the US$68 billion project as Governor Jerry Brown’s number one infrastructure priority. Once built, trains capable of reaching speeds up to 220 mph will link San Francisco and Los Angeles in as little as two and a half hours.




Medina Airport


The construction of a new terminal and extension of the existing runway at Medina Airport in Saudi Arabia will greatly improve the transportation experience for thousands of religious pilgrims visiting one of Islam’s most important holy cities. From a financial perspective, judges liked that the expansion – which will double capacity from four million people per year to eight – was being project financed through a public-private partnership as it could become a beacon for what the model can achieve with Islamic finance in the Middle Eastern infrastructure market.




Pulkovo Airport PPP


The US$1.4 billion Pulkovo Airport PPP in St Petersburg, Russia was launched off the back of a new law enabling Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) with a 30-year concession covering the building, financing and operation of airport facilities – including a new international terminal and modernization of the domestic terminal. “As well as being a leading project in Russia,” one judge remarked, “it is also important in that its progress will be keenly watched and its delivery will open up the country for further developments.”




Calgary International Airport


The US$1.95 billion expansion of Calgary International Airport in Alberta will more than double the size of the airport terminal building, and is part of The Calgary Airport Authority's strategy to accommodate recent and anticipated passenger growth. The project includes a new 14,000 foot runway (the longest in Canada), an aircraft parking apron, taxiways, a central de-icing facility and a new international concourse that incorporates sustainable design principles.




Embraport Project


The US$1 billion Embraport Project in Brazil is based in the city of Santos in São Paulo. The privately-owned port with incorporated road and rail infrastructure is located away from the downtown area. Together with the São Paulo Ring Road project, the two assets will have a considerable impact easing traffic congestion on land and sea. This will reduce delays and help cargo move more efficiently. Once complete, it will be the largest-ever port project financing in Latin America on a limited-recourse basis.




Bioceánico Aconcagua Corridor


The aspirational Bioceánico Aconcagua Corridor project between Argentina and Chile could potentially be a game changer for South America. Considered by some judges to be the region’s most important development in 100 years, the project aims to link the Atlantic and Pacific oceans via Argentina and Chile with a 52 kilometer low-base tunnel through the Andes. The project includes a high-cargo-capacity electrical railway connecting main cities and the major industrial and trade centers of both countries.




Trans-Sumatra Toll Road


Located on the Indonesian island of Sumatra (which was badly damaged during the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and subsequent tsunami), the Trans-Sumatra Toll Road is a 2,509 kilometer north-south route connecting Banda Aceh to Bandar Lampung. A road traversing the island is urgently needed to boost economic activity. The project will pass through several major cities, including Medan and Padang, and is part of the government’s long-term economic plan which divides the country into six economic corridors; Sumatra will specialize in agriculture and energy.




Fehmarnbelt Crossing


The 18 kilometer Fehmarnbelt Crossing represents the final missing link connecting Scandinavia to mainland Europe. Construction of the crossing is considered one of the European Union’s 30 most important traffic projects and forms part of the Trans-European Transport Network. The preferred crossing is an immersed tube tunnel with an electrified dual-track rail line and a four lane motorway. This project will not only improve transport congestion but significantly bolster the economic capabilities of 18.6 million people living in the region.




Information contained within the feature project articles and sector articles of the Infrastructure 100 Report are provided by Infrastructure Journal (IJ). Infrastructure Journal assisted with collating and analyzing projects to be considered by regional and global judging panels for the Infrastructure 100 Report, and conducted in-depth research which was used to develop the project profiles contained within the publication. While KPMG makes every attempt to provide accurate and timely information to readers, neither KPMG nor Infrastructure Journal guarantees its accuracy, timeliness, completeness or usefulness, and are not responsible or liable for any such content.

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