The countries are distributed across a range of income levels. Countries included in this Index were selected based on our ability to obtain sufficient or comparable primary and secondary data. The selection of countries provides a useful comparison between the change readiness of advanced and developing nations.
|Country Income Group
||Economies according to GNI per capita1
||Number of Countries (90)
||Share in Index Sample %|
||US$4,086 - $12,615
||US$1,036 - $4,085
The 2013 CRI is structured around three pillars (Enterprise Capability, Government Capability, People & Civil Society Capability), with sub-indices for each pillar, and primary survey question responses and secondary data variables feeding each sub-index score. The composite/overall change readiness score is calculated by weighting standardized pillar scores which are derived from weighted standardized sub-index scores. Sub-index scores are derived from standardized primary survey question responses and secondary data, with equal weighting given per variable, whether it is a primary survey question or secondary data indicator.
|People & Civil Society Capability|
|Relates to broad capability of private and state-owned enterprises
||Relates to capability of governmental and public regulatory institutions
||Relates to individual, societal and cultural determinants of capability|
||Public administration and state business relations
|Innovation and R&D
||Fiscal and Budgeting
||Rule of law
||Government strategic planning and horizon scanning
||Inclusiveness of growth|
||Access to information|
||Food and energy security
In addition to the secondary data, the researchers at Oxford Economics conducted a survey of country experts between February 2013 and April 2013. A total of 545 respondents were surveyed with a maximum of eight respondents per country and a minimum of five respondents in all cases. To account for any potential sample bias, small adjustments were made to primary survey results to account for variations in sample depending on expert location (inside or outside the country) and government affiliation2. An interesting observation was how experts living outside the country being surveyed were more critical of the country’s change readiness capacity than experts living in the country.
Who are the primary survey experts?
For the 2013 CRI, we surveyed individuals with at least 7 years of experience analyzing, studying or living in their reporting country. The individual had to have a good knowledge of economic policymaking, social structures and governance institutions in that country and was not currently employed directly by a government department in the country that directly influences and/or enforces policy making. A minimum of a tertiary-level educational qualification from an accredited university or vocational college degree program was required. Country experts came from a range of industries and sectors, where possible, including senior managers within the private sector, academia and trade unions.
2The expert is not currently employed by the government