Current long term care is provided by informal carers, government subsidised community care and residential aged care for people aged 65 years and over.
The Federal Government contributes some money to the provinces to support healthcare but health care is a provincial responsibility within certain national principles.
China does not have a formal long term elderly care system. In the absence of a mature and stable social care system, the elderly population in rural areas and disabled elderly people in general are particularly vulnerable.
Finland has a publicly funded system open for all residents, and covers a range of services from home care to institutional care.
Support for elderly at home or institution is provided by public health insurance system and through the allowance for autonomy (APA). It is administered by local departments.
In Germany, long term care is provided under a mandatory insurance system, through a long term care insurance scheme.
LTC is managed by the Elderly Commission, an independent body managed directly by the central government.
Long term care coverage for residents is available through a national long-term insurance program.
Long term care is provided under a national statutory social insurance programe.
The LTC system in Norway is part of the social welfare system. It is mainly financed and provided by the public sector, with the responsibilities decentralized to the municipalities (the lowest government level).
Long term care services for the elderly in Singapore are provided mainly through voluntary welfare organizations (VWO) or the “third sector”, and by private operators; under a mix of funding schemes that are still largely led by the government.
Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) provides healthcare elderly people. The NHI has subsidized disease screening and preventive care and ensures that elderly people have access to health care and a social safety net.
In the UK, the National Health Service (NHS) pays for some long term care cases requiring continued medical or skilled nursing needs.
Public long term care is delivered through a mix of programs, with eligibility and coverage varying from one state to another. Eligibility is based mostly on income and personal resources.