Water is vital to human survival. But it can also be expensive.
Beyond the obvious issues related to scarcity (a particular problem for governments in the Middle East, Africa and parts of Asia Pacific), water infrastructure requires high levels of capital expenditure. In fact, to meet the growing demand from an increasingly thirsty population, governments around the world will need to invest some US$6 trillion in water infrastructure over the next 20 years.
In this paper, KPMG member firms examine the risks and rewards of involving private finance in the delivery of water infrastructure, and discuss how municipal governments and potential investors can benefit.