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How banks can build shareholder value through annual reports 

As many financial services organizations are working overtime to restore public and shareholder trust, new disclosure requirements are diluting the impact of banks’ annual reports. Financial statements may have become more transparent, but relevant information has become much more difficult to identify. Now, more than ever, is the time to take a step back and consider how banks can more effectively communicate their business story to better convey shareholder value.

Build shareholder value


Reporting issues and opportunities for banks

Annual reports in the banking industry are increasingly burdened with detailed financial data, which isn’t translating to increased public and shareholder trust. By building on recent — largely positive — financial disclosure enhancements, banks can work to eliminate overlapping disclosures and better draw out the most relevant financial information. This could serve as a first step to not only restore and maintain trust through coherent business reporting, but also reduce the potential for further tightening of disclosure obligations.


The opportunity to increase shareholder trust lies in aligning the report more closely with a bank’s own business model and individual short-medium and long-term prospects. To successfully convey how the changes banks are making to their business models are helping to protect and develop shareholder value, banks must move beyond data tables and build an integrated reporting structure.

Linking annual report earnings with financial risk reporting

Risk decisions in financial services have an immediate impact on financial performance and therefore offer essential context to understand current earnings. Financial services regulators, securities regulators and industry working parties have all significantly improved risk reporting obligations, but there is often an information gap in what this information means for business performance. Linking risk reporting with earnings performance could help shareholders compare profitability across banks with different strategies.

Post-crisis reporting developments

  • Issues recognized
    Risk/performance indicators
    Clear link to shareholder value
  • Link between earnings and risk
    Extensive balance sheet risk disclosures
    Link risk to earnings
    Short-term prospects
  • Operation performance and business prospects
    Investor presentations explain medium-term plans
    Focus on key business drivers in the annual report
    Medium-term prospects
  • Enhancing and protecting long-term value
    Stakeholder focused citizenship reporting
    Stakeholder focused citizenship reporting
    Long-term prospects
Source: KPMG International, 2014

Explaining business prospects through operational performance


Analysis of earnings and balance sheet risk analysis provides only part of the enterprise value story. Bank reporting should show how key business assets, such as a retail bank’s customer base, have been developed and protected. Such operational reporting would offer a more complete assessment of shareholder value and business prospects. Some potential relevant indicators of performance include:


  • Operational risk, such as key staff retention

  • Progress in managing risks and opportunities, such as the status of a retail branch refresh program

  • Operational outcomes, such as customer churn rates.


Investors can then compare these indicators across the industry or to the bank’s track record over time.


Reflecting the long-term future through objective information


Financial business reports need to provide shareholders with credible, objective data that allows them to assess actions taken to preserve long-term business prospects. Focusing on “Why are we good for society?” instead of “How have we protected enterprise value?” offers only a list of good deeds disconnected from shareholder value.


Organizations investing to protect and enhance long-term shareholder value should distinguish themselves from those prioritizing short-term financial performance — in part by helping investors understand the fundamental implications of the regulatory uncertainties faced by financial organizations.


Communicating enterprise value with more than financial disclosure


A single magic-bullet measure of shareholder value based on one financial ratio or metric won’t meet shareholder needs any better than overly complicated, unintelligible annual reports. Business reporting must instill shareholder confidence by providing the complete picture of long-term value, not just short-term earnings. Each of these ideas should be viewed as a starting point — rather than an end goal — for how banks can improve their dialogue with shareholders. Only then will we start to see annual reports that actually improve the relationship banks have with shareholders.


Developing a better financial business report


  1. Do you feel the information you have provided to your shareholders in the past has enabled them to form a view of the long-term prospects and value of your business?

  2. What is the value creation story — not just the financial disclosure — for your business?

  3. How can you accurately convey to your shareholders what it means for your business to have a ‘good year’ — beyond meeting earnings targets?

  4. What other information do you think your shareholders would appreciate and how can you use this information to build trust?


To discuss these questions further, contact:


Jon Bingham

KPMG in the UK

+44 20 7311 5814

Matthew Chapman

KPMG in the UK

+44 20 7311 3236


To read the full article, download the PDF.

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