China alert - Issue 20, August 2012
On 30 June 2012, the 11th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed a new law, which will govern the administration of exit and entry of individuals (Order of the President, No. 57) from 1 July 2013. Once the new law comes into force, the existing laws on the administration of exit and entry of foreigners (Order of the President, No. 31) and administration of exit and entry of Chinese citizens (Order of the President, No. 32) will be repealed.
The new law is an integration of presidential orders No. 31 and No. 32 and their accompanying implementation rules, which were introduced in the mid-1980s, as well as the exit and entry frontier inspection ordinance implemented in the mid-1990s. The formulation of the new law was initiated by the Ministry of Public Security in late 2003 with the intent of promoting foreign exchange and opening up to the outside world, and safeguarding the sovereignty, security and social order of the PRC.
With the number of foreign workers entering China increasing each year, the new law is meant to improve the existing system and put into place measures to strengthen enforcement of the administration of exit and entry of foreigner workers.