• Service: Tax, Corporate Tax
  • Industry: Financial Services
  • Type: Regulatory update
  • Date: 16/10/2013

Tax Insights

KPMG's analysis of tax issues and developments.

Adam Gibbs

Adam Gibbs
Partner, Tax

+61 2 9335 7310

Limiting the scope of Division 6C: Defining the unit trust 

by Adam Gibbs, Financial Services Specialist

In a recent decision (B.E.R.T. Pty Ltd v FCT [2013] AATA 584), the AAT held that a publicly held trust, which was a trading trust, was not a Div 6C trust. Whilst the decision may be correct in this case, it does seem surprising that the Commissioner would litigate to narrow the scope of Div 6C.

The trust was established as a result of various industrial agreements in the construction industry requiring employers to make weekly payments to a common fund for the ultimate benefit of employees who, inter alia, become redundant. Income from the trust’s investments would accumulate from year to year, without full present entitlement arising to it.


The only question to be decided by the AAT was whether it was a unit trust – there being no dispute as to the satisfaction of the other requirements of sec 102N(1).


The AAT noted that the definition of 'unit' in sec 102M is, firstly, qualified by the words 'in relation to a prescribed trust estate' and, secondly, is an inclusive definition, 'unit ... includes a beneficial interest, however described, in any of the income or property of the trust estate'. The AAT rejected the taxpayer’s argument that the definition of 'unit' was broad. The AAT referred to the 'circular definition of terms' and said:


"...the initial inquiry is whether there was a unit trust. That inquiry is made necessary because sec 102S makes reference to the 'trustee of a unit trust that is a public trading trust'. The definition of unit does not give an extended meaning in what may be comprehended as a unit trust; it merely makes clear that the unit holder must have a beneficial interest in some of the income or property of the trust estate.


In our view the applicant's case fails because the beneficial interests in the Fund were not divided into units, that is, discrete parcels of rights."


Share this

Share this


Our Tax team assists with corporate tax, transfer pricing, indirect tax, global mobility, R&D incentives, superannuation and more.

Financial Services

Our Financial Services practice can help financial institutions make better decisions about performance, growth, governance and prudential matters.